District leaders, how are you ensuring that low expectations for student outcomes are not plaguing the school system and the stakeholders you are charged with leading?

During my junior year at a prestigious Catholic high school in New York City, a guidance counselor suggested I apply for a local, two-year college. This advice didn’t match my vision of attending the University of Connecticut, a four-year institution. Although confused, I did not question the advice since I was told that the counselors were there to help students pick schools that best matched their needs. Still, I did ask friends what college guidance the counselor had given them. I soon identified an unsettling pattern: In a school where 85% of students were white males, most students of color were advised to apply to two-year colleges. At 17, I was not empowered to challenge the low expectations and racial inequality that I was confronted with. It did not matter that I had scored above average on the SAT, which could have easily supported entry into a reputable four-year institution. In retrospect, I realized that an institution responsible for the equitable learning of all students had unfairly placed very low expectations on my learning ability because of the color of my skin.

Sadly, more than three decades later, I again witnessed the power of low expectations placed on students of color. I recently attended a middle school open house where school staff spoke to 8th grade students and their families about early college planning. The school guidance counselor led two separate sessions, dividing the grade into two groups. While the content was consistent for both sessions, there was a huge difference in the expectations communicated to each group. In the first group presentation, where the students were primarily white, the counselor advised, “If you don’t initially get into the college of your choice, consider attending a two-year school and then transferring into your original college of choice.” There was a subtle but monumental change to the advice given during the second session, which was primarily attended by students of color (blackboys). The counselor said, “Consider attending a two-year school and then transferring into your college of choice.” The omission of eleven simple words changed the connotation, the message and most importantly the expectations placed on students. White students were encouraged to first reach for their college aspirations, and then to plan accordingly if those dreams do not materialize. Students of color, however, were not advised to follow their dreams but simply to apply for the default. I don’t know if this was a simple mistake or a targeted attempt to impart separate expectations, but the message this counselor was sending (intended or not) is that students of color should aspire to less than their white counterparts.

After the session, I spoke with the principal and district superintendent, pointing out their omission and sharing my own experiences. I am thankful that my experiences allowed me to understand the inequity inherent in this situation. I ask district leaders to consider: How are you ensuring that low expectations for student outcomes are not plaguing the school system and stakeholders that you are charged with leading?


Derick Spaulding

National Leadership Facilitator

Derick Spaulding joined the Leadership Academy as Senior Director of Leadership Development in 2016. In this role, Derick works with school systems across the country to build school and district leadership capacity and facilitate continuous adult learning. As a national facilitator, Derick works directly with current and aspiring principals, principal supervisors, and superintendents. His projects include working with the state education departments in Nevada and Iowa to increase equity driven leadership capacity statewide; working with school districts in Georgia, South Carolina, Arizona and Michigan to increase coaching capacity of systems level leaders and school building leaders; and executive coaching superintendents and system level leaders.

Derick supports the Leadership Academy’s vision for equity by serving as a member of the organization’s Equity Leadership Team.

Derick brings more than 13 years of experience in education to his work. He started his career as a middle school math and science teacher in New York. His commitment to serving students of color in the under-served and under-resourced Bronx community he grew up in inspired him to pursue a career in school leadership. After attending New Leaders’ Aspiring Principals Program, he founded and led Emolior Academy Middle School in the Bronx, a school which remains one of the highest performing schools in the district. TNTP named Derick a District Exemplar Case Study of Practice in 2016 for his exemplary distributed leadership and capacity building systems. He also received the New York State Senate Educational Leadership Award and was selected as a Cahn Ally within the Columbia University Leadership Development program in 2008.

Derick holds a BA in Communications from The State University of New York at Albany, and graduate degrees from City College University and Baruch College. He is currently pursuing a PhD in Urban Educational Leadership, Administration, and Policy at Fordham University.